Human Rights Day Article Jems Foundation Human Rights Day in South Africa is celebrated on the 21st of March. The day is historically linked with the Sharpeville Massacre that occurred on the 21st of March 1960. On this day in 1960, 69 people tragically lost their lives and 180 people were wounded when police opened fire on a peaceful crowd marching against the pass laws created by the Apartheid Government. Human Rights day is celebrated to firstly honour the people who sacrificed their lives and also to celebrate our constitution and the rights of all citizens of the Republic of South Africa.
What are your rights?
In terms of the Bill of Rights everyone has a right to life, equality and human dignity. • All persons have a right to citizenship and security. Persons and groups are entitled to freedom of assembly, association, belief and opinion, and expression.
• They have the right to demonstrate, picket and petition; everyone has the right to be free from forced labour, servitude and slavery.
• All persons have a right to privacy and to exercise political rights; all have a right to access to information and just administration action.
• They have rights when arrested, detained and accused, and must have access to courts.
• All have a right to freedom of movement and residence and of trade, occupation and profession. In the workplace everyone has a right to engage in trade unions and labour movements.
• Anyone has the right to purchase property anywhere, and to a basic education.
• They have a right to language and culture and communities.
• They have a right to freedom of religion and belief. The Bill of Rights also specifies the rights of persons belonging to cultural, religious or linguistic communities and the rights of children. In addition, there are specific laws to safeguard women and protect children.
• Protected rights include a healthy environment; housing, health care, food, water and social security. These are some of our Human Rights covered by the Bill of Rights according to the constitution of the Republic of Southern Africa. To read more about our bill of rights, click the link bellow: https://www.gov.za/documents/constitution/chapter-2-bill-rights
Article by: Caleb Singh